CLUB ALPINO ITALIANO

Sezione di Loano

THE FLOWERS OF MONTE CARMO

cailogo


 

 

Mount Carmo seen from Monte Croce

 

During the whole year it is possible to wander around Monte Carmo and to enjoy the wonderful landscapes of the coast, the hinterland and the Alps. These mountains present a rich variety of plants (changing their colours and forms with the different seasons) and some rare endemic flowers. This aerea is considered the phytogeographic border between the Alps and the Apennines; moreover you can find here some alpine species and there is a clear difference between the Po environment of the northern side and the mediterranean one of the southern side.
Wherever you choose to go wonderful flowers cheer up your walks across fields and woods, for example to the rock "Rocca dell'Avio", to the mountain refuge "Rifugio Pian delle Bosse" or to the top of Monte Carmo (4232 feet), to the summit "Giogo di Giustenice" or to S.Pietro in Varatella.
For almost ten months a year these paths are a real pleasure for botanists as for excursioners, some of the most important are described below.
Also the entomologists find this area particularly interesting because of some peculiar insects and the multicoloured butterflies (among them the wonderful 'Parnassius apollo').


As many species are protected and we all like to enjoy the beauty of nature, it is strongly recommended not to pick up flowers and plants or damage the environment. Possible sanctions can be applied.

 

 

 

CISTACEAE

RAFFLESIACEAE

SAXIFRAGACEAE

CISTUS ALBIDUS

CYTINUS HYPOCISTIS

SAXIFRAGA LINGULATA

Cisto a foglie sessili
(Cistus albidus)
May

Ipocisto comune
(Cytinus hypocistis)
May

Sassifraga callosa
(Saxifraga lingulata)
June

     

GENTIANACEAE

AMARYLLIDACEAE

LEGUMINOSAE

GENTIANA LIGUSTICA

NARCISSUS PSEUDONARCISSUS

ANTYLLIS VULNERARIA

Genziana ligure
(Gentiana ligustica)
April - May

Narciso trombone
(Narcissus pseudonarcissus)
March-April

Vulneraria comune
(Anthyllis vulnerararia)
May-June

 

P R I M U L A C E A E

PRIMULA MARGINATA

PRIMULA OFFICINALIS

PRIMULA VULGARIS

Primula impolverata
(Primula marginata)
April-May

Primula odorosa
(Primula officinalis)
March-April

Primula primavera
(Primula vulgaris)
March-April

     

L A B I A T A E

IRIDACEAE

ORIGANUM VULGARE

LAVANDA ANGUSTIFOLIA

CROCUS MEDIUS

Origano comune
(Origanum vulgare)
July

Lavandula
(Lavanda angustifolia)
July

Zafferano ligure
(Crocus medius)
September-October

     

C O M P O S I T A E

LEUZEA CONIFERA

CARLINA ACAULIS

CARLINA CORYMBOSA

Fiordaliso ovoide
(Leuzea conifera)
June

Carlina bianca
(Carlina acaulis)
August

Carlina raggio d'oro
(Carlina corymbosa)
August

     
COMPOSITAE

C R A S S U L A C E A E

CARLINA ACANTHIFOLIA

SEMPERVIVUM TECTORUM

SEMPERVIVUM ARACHNOIDEUM

Carlina zolfina
(Carlina acanthifolia)
August

Semprevivo Mayre
(Sempervivum tectorum)
June-July

Semprevivo ragnateloso
(Sempervivum arachnoideum)
June-July

     

O R C H I D A C E A E

ORCHIS PURPUREA

ORCHIS TRIDENTATA

NEOTTIA NIDUS-AVIS

Orchidea Mayre
(Orchis purpurea)
May

Orchidea screziata
(Orchis tridentata)
May

Nido d'uccello
(Neottia nidus-avis)
May

ORCHIS MILITARIS

ANACAMPIS PYRAMIDALIS

ORCHIS MASCULA

Orchidea militare
(Orchis militaris)
May

Orchidea piramidale
(Anacampis pyramidalis)
May-June

Orchidea mascula
(Orchis mascula)
May-June

     

CRUCIFERAE

L E G U M I N O S A E

CARDAMINE PENTAPHYLLOS

ONOBRICHIS MONTANA

CYTISUS HIRSUTUS

Dentaria a cinque foglie
(Cardamine pentaphyllos)
April-May

Lupinella montana
(Onobrichis montana)
May

Citiso peloso
(Cytisus hirsutus)
May-June

     

R A N U N C U L A C E A E

HELLEBORUS FOETIDUS

ANEMONE ORTENSIS

HEPATICA NOBILIS

Elleboro puzzolente
(Helleborus foetidus)
January-April

Anemone fior-stella
(Anemone ortensis)
February

Erba trinita'
(Hepatica nobilis)
March-April

ANEMONE NEMEROSA

THALCTRUM AQUILEGIIFOLIUM

Anemone bianca
(Anemone nemerosa)
March-April

Talittro a foglie di aquilegia
(Thalictrum aquilegiifolium)
April-June

   

ROSACEAE

E R I C A C E A E

ROSA PENDULINA

ARBUTUS UNEDO

RHODODENDRON FERRUGINEUM

Rosa alpina
(Rosa pendulina)
June-July

Corbezzolo
(Arbutus unedo)
October-November

Rododendro rosso
(Rhododendron ferrugineum)
June

     
L I L I A C E A E

MUSCARI ATLANTICUM

ERYTHRONIUM DENS-CANIS

ASPHODELUS ALBUS

FRITILLARIA INVOLUCRATA

Muscari atlantico
(Muscari atlanticum)

March

Dente di cane
(Erythronium dens-canis)

March-April

Asfodelo montano
(Asphodelus albus)

April-May

Melagride piemontese
(Fritillaria involucrata)
April-May

 

SCILLA DELLA RIVIERA

POLYGONATUM ODORATUM

ANTHERICUM RAMOSUM

Scilla italica
(Scilla della riviera)
May

Sigillo di Salomone
(Polygonatum odoratum)
May-June

Lilioasfodelo minore
(Anthericum ramosum)
May-June

     

CONVALLARIA MAJALIS

ALLIUM SPHAEROCEPHALON

LILIUM BULBIFERUM

LILIUM MARTAGON

Mughetto
(Convallaria majalis)
May-June

Aglio delle bisce
(Allium sphaerocephalon)
June-July

Giglio San Giovanni
(Lilium bulbiferum)
June-July

Giglio martagone
(Lilium martagon)
June-July

C A M P A N U L A C E A E

CAMPANULA MEDIUM

CAMPANULA GLOMERATA

CAMPANULA RAPUNCULUS

Campanula toscana
(Campanula medium)
June

Campanula agglomerata
(Campanula glomerata)
June

Campanula commestibile
(Campanula rapunculus)
June

CAMPANULACEAE

B O R A G I N A C E A E

JASIONE MONTANA

PULMONARIA SACCHARATA

ONOSMA FASTIGIATUM

Vedovella annuali
(Jasione montana)
August

Polmonaria chiazzata
(Pulmonaria saccharata)
March

Viperina ligure
(Onosma fastigiatum)
May-June

     

S C R O P H U L A R I A C E A E

 

DIGITALIS LUTEA

LINARIA VULGARIS

 

Digitale gialla piccola
(Digitalis lutea)
June

Linajola comune
(Linaria vulgaris)
September

 
     
E FIORI DI LIGURIA

CONVOLVULACEAE

CAMPANULACEAE

VILUCCHIO DELLA RIVIERA

CAMPANULA DI CAPONOLI

RAPONZOLO DELLE ALPI MARITTIME

Vilucchio della Riviera
(Convolvulus Sabatius)
April - June

Campanula di Capo Noli
(Campanula isophylla)
September

Raponzolo delle Alpi Maritt.
(
Phyteuma cordatum balbisii)
June - July

O R C H I D A C E A E

ORCHIDEA PALERMITANA

ORCHIDEA SAMBUCINA

ORCHIDEA PROVENZALE

Orchidea palermitana
(Orchis patens)
May

Orchidea sambucina
(Orchide sambucina)
May

Orchidea provenzale
(Orchis provincialis)
April - May

BARLIA ROBERTIANA

OFRIDE CORNUTA

OFRIDE APIFERA

Orchidea di Robert
(Barlia robertiana)
February - March

Ofride cornuta
(Ophrys scolopax)
June

Ofride apifera
(Ophrys apifera)
May

     

I R I D A C E A E

ZAFFERANO LIGURE

ZAFFERANETTO RAMOSO

ZAFFERANO COMUNE

Zafferano ligure
(Romulea ligustica)
February - March

Zafferanetto ramoso
(Romulea ramiflora)
February - March

Zafferano comune
(Romulea bulbucodium)
February - March

 

LINACEAE

M A L V A C E A E

LINO A CAMPANELLE

MALVONE PERENNE

MALVONE DELLE RUPI

Lino a campanelle
(Lino campanulatum)
May

Malvone perenne
(Lavatera olbia)
March - June

Malvone delle rupi
(Lavatera marittima)
May - July

C O M P O S I T A E

STELLA ALPINA

FIORDALISO DEI COLLI

RAPONTICO DI BICKNELL

Stella alpina
(Leontopodium alpinum)
July - August

Fiordaliso dei colli
(Centaurea collina)
June

Rapontico di Bicknell
(Stemmacantha heleniifolia subsp. Bicknelli)
July - August

 

EUFORBIACEAE

PEONIACEAE

UMBRELLIFERAE

EUFORBIA ARBORESCENTE

PEONIA SELVATICA

REGINA DELLE ALPI

Euforbia arborescente
(Euphorbia dendroides)
December - May

Peonia selvatica
(Paeonia officinalis)
May

Regina delle Alpi
(Eryngium spinalba)
July - August

 

SAXIFRAGACEAE

CARYOPHYLLACEAE

THYMELAEACEAE

SASSIFRAGA A FOGLIE OPPOSTE

SILENE A MAZZETTI

DAFNE ODOROSA

Sassifraga a foglie opposte
(Saxifraga oppositifolia)
April - May

Silene a mazzietti
(Silene armeria)
June

Dafne odorosa
(Daphne cneorum)
May - June

 

VALERIANACEAE

RANUNCULACEAE

CRASSULACEAE

CAMAREZZA COMUNE

PULSATILLA ALPINA

ERBA PIGNOLA

Centranthus ruber
(Camarezza comune)
All the year

Anemone alpino
(Pulsatilla alpina
subsp. apifolia)
June

Erba pignola
(Sedum acre)
May - August

     

AMARYLLIDACEAE

ARACEAE

MYRTACEAE

ZAFFERANASTRO GIALLO

ERBA SERPENTARIA

MIRTO

Zafferanastro giallo
(Sternbergia lutea)
September

Erba serpentaria
(Dracunculus vulgaris)
June

Mirto
(Myrtus comunis)
June - August

 

C R U C I F E R A E

LABIATAE

VIOLACIOCCA ROSSA

DRABA ALPINA

ORTICA MORTA

Violacciocca rossa
(Matthiola incana)
March - May

Draba alpina
(Draba aizoides)
May - June

Ortica morta
(Galeobdolon luteum)
May

 

BORAGINACEAE

SCROPHULARIACEAE

RUTACEAE

BORAGINE COMUNE

TASSO BARBASSO

FRASSINELLA

Boragine comune
(Borago officinalis)
February - March

Tasso barbasso
(Verbascum thapsus)
June - August

Frassinella
(Dictamus albus)
May - June

 

L I L I A C E A E

AGLIO MINUSCOLO

AGLIO ROSEO

ASFODELO FISTOLOSO

Aglio minuscolo
(Allium chamaemoly)
January - February

Aglio roseo
(Allium roseum)
March - May

Asfodelo fistoloso
(Asphodelus fistulosus)
March - June

     

TULIPA CLUSIANA

FRITILLARIA TUBAEFORMIS

GIGLIO POMPONIO

Tulipano dei campi
(Tulipa clusiana)
March

Melagride di Moggridge
(Fritillaria tubaeformis
var. monggridgei)
May - June

Giglio pomponio
(Lilium pomponium)
June

 


 

Documentazione botanica:
Paola Cenere - Loano


Consulenza fotografica:
Luigi Tassisto - Loano